[ Photo Blog #46 ]
Dartmouth is a historic South Devonshire town situated where the beautiful River Dart meets the sea. It has become a famous tourist destination, but it has a long history, mainly associated with its position as a deep-water port for sailing vessels, giving them easy access to the English Channel. As far back as the Twelfth Century the port was used as the sailing point for the Crusades of 1147 and 1190. Since the reign of Edward II, Dartmouth has been the home of the Royal Navy. The town was twice surprised and sacked in the 14th and 15th centuries during the Hundred Years’ War. Following this, the narrow mouth of the estuary was closed every night with a great chain. To protect the town, Dartmouth Castle and Kingswear Castle were built on opposite banks of the river entrance. The Britannia Royal Naval College is located on the hill overlooking the town and has been training Officers of the Royal Navy since 1863.